Common Eye Diseases and Treatment
“Eye diseases” is a general term that refers to a wide variety of diseases that are related to the functioning of the eye. It is common for most people to experience some type of “minor” eye problems from time to time and vision problems generally increase as you age. The majority of these problems are minor and don’t last for a long period of time. Unfortunately, it is uncommon for various types of eye disease to go undiagnosed until it affects the vision because many people don’t schedule regular visits with their optometrist in Coral Springs unless they are having vision difficulties. Here are only a few of the most common types of eye disease.
Conjunctivitis (pink eye) is an inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva, which is the protective membrane covering the surface of your eyeball and the inner surface of your eyelids. There are two types of conjunctivitis-bacterial or viral:
- People in Lighthouse Point and Boca Raton, FL who have bacterial conjunctivitis will experience symptoms, such as redness in the white of the eye, itching, burning, irritation, and crusting. Bacterial conjunctivitis generally spreads to both eyes and it causes a heavy discharge. In most situations, minor cases of pink eye improve within about two weeks, but some cases can develop into a serious corneal infection. If you suspect you have bacterial conjunctivitis, you should visit Dr. Goberville for an examination and treatment.
- Viral conjunctivitis is a highly contagious form of pink eye that is caused by an airborne virus that is often spread through sneezing and coughing. The symptoms of viral conjunctivitis are similar to those with the bacterial form of pink eye, which include pain, irritation, burning, light sensitivity, and crusting. The primary difference between the two forms is that viral conjunctivitis is generally present only in one eye and the eye will be sensitive to light and water excessively. It is important to note that the antibiotic drops/ointments eye treatment generally used to treat bacterial pink eye will not treat the viral pink eye.
Diabetic Eye Disease
Diabetic eye disease is often the result of having Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. The most common diabetes-related eye disease is diabetic retinopathy. The lack of early symptoms of diabetic retinopathy often makes it difficult to diagnose without a visit to your optometrist in Coral Springs for an examination. Symptoms of diabetic eye diseases, including glaucoma, cataracts, and diabetic retinopathy may include:
- Eye floaters
- Spots in vision
- Distorted vision
- Eye pain
- Corneal abnormalities
- Scotoma (blind spot) or shadows in your visual field
- Blurry vision
- Involuntary eye movement
- Deposits or leakage from the blood vessels in the retina
Eye treatment for diabetic eye disease may include laser treatment in order to seal a leakage and/or to eliminate abnormal blood vessels. Some laser treatments may be used to target the peripheral section of your retina, which destroys it in order to keep your vision focused in the central part of the eye.
Macular Degeneration Eye Disease
Macular degeneration is a progressive and chronic eye disease that will gradually destroy your sharp central vision as a result of macula deterioration, which is a tiny spot located in the central portion of your retina. Symptoms of macular degeneration may include:
- Declining vision that is noticed by you or by Dr. Goberville during a routine eye exam
- A formation of new blood vessels under the macular that is typically discovered through an eye exam
- When looking at straight lines they appear distorted
- A blurry, dark or white-out appears in the center of your vision
- Your color perception changes or completely diminishes
In most cases, eye treatment to reverse the damage caused by macular degeneration isn’t possible; however, protection from sunlight, supplements, quitting smoking and eating a well-balanced diet may help to reduce the risk and progression of this type of eye disease.
If you are like most people, your sight is the most helpful of all of your senses. Your vision allows you to understand and navigate what is around you. So, it is extremely important to take good care of your eyes and visit your optometrist in Boca Raton routinely, so your eyes will work properly into the future.
Contact Our Trust Optometrists in Lighthouse Point, Coral Springs, and Baca Raton Today!
Residents of Lighthouse Point, Coral Springs and other surrounding areas of Boca Raton, FL should contact Dr. Goberville today to schedule a comprehensive eye exam at (954) 344-3937.